Learn ASL Introducing classifiers in American Sign Language Classifier in sign language is a signed word that represents a particular group of objects or referents. For example, the classifier "horizontal 3-handshape" can represent an object in a group of vehicles such as car, truck, bicycle, motorcycle, submarine, etc. The classifier is incorporated into a verb phrase.
Degree[ edit ] Mouthing making what appear to be speech sounds is important for fluent signing, and it has morphological uses. For example, one may how to write asl classifiers 'man tall' to indicate the man is tall, but by mouthing the syllable cha while signing 'tall', the phrase becomes that man is enormous!
There are other ways of modifying a verb or adjective to make it more intense. These are all more or less equivalent to adding the word "very" in English; which morphology is used depends on the word being modified.
Certain words which are short in English, such as 'sad' and 'mad', are sometimes fingerspelled rather than signed to mean 'very sad' and 'very mad'. However, the concept of 'very sad' or 'very mad' can be portrayed with the use of exaggerated body movements and facial expressions.
Reduplication of the signs may also occur to emphasize the degree of the statement. Some signs are produced with an exaggeratedly large motion, so that they take up more sign space than normal. This may involve a back-and-forth scissoring motion of the arms to indicate that the sign ought to be yet larger, but that one is physically incapable of making it big enough.
Many other signs are given a slow, tense production. The fact that this modulation is morphological rather than merely mimetic can be seen in the sign for 'fast': Reduplication[ edit ] Reduplication morphological repetition is extremely common in ASL.
Generally the motion of the sign is shortened as well as repeated. Nouns may be derived from verbs through reduplication.
For example, the noun chair is formed from the verb to sit by repeating it with a reduced degree of motion. Reduplication is commonly used to express intensity as well as several verbal aspects see below. It is also used to derive signs such as 'every two weeks' from 'two weeks', and is used for verbal number see belowwhere the reduplication is iconic for the repetitive meaning of the sign.
Compounds[ edit ] Many ASL words are historically compounds. However, the two elements of these signs have fused, with features being lost from one or both, to create what might be better called a blend than a compound. Typically only the final hold see above remains from the first element, and any reduplication is lost from the second.
ALIKE is signed by holding two 1 hands parallel, pointing outward, and bringing them together two or three times. In addition, the weak hand is already in place, in anticipation of the next part of the sign. Then the hand at the forehead is brought down parallel to the weak hand; it approaches but does not make actual contact, and there is no repetition.
Affixes[ edit ] ASL, like other mature signed languages, makes extensive use of morphology. For example, Ted Supalla 's seminal work on ASL verbs of motion revealed that these signs consist of many different affixes, articulated simultaneously according to complex grammatical constraints.
ASL does have a limited number of concatenative affixes. For example, the agentive suffix similar to the English '-er' is made by placing two B or 5 hands in front of the torso, palms facing each other, and lowering them. On its own this sign means 'person'; in a compound sign following a verb, it is a suffix for the performer of the action, as in 'drive-er' and 'teach-er'.
However, it cannot generally be used to translate English '-er', as it is used with a much more limited set of verbs. It is very similar to the '-ulo' suffix in Esperantomeaning 'person' by itself and '-related person' when combined with other words.
An ASL prefix, touching the chinis used with number signs to indicate 'years old'. The prefix completely assimilates with the initial handshape of the number. For instance, 'fourteen' is signed with a B hand that bends several times at the knuckles.
The chin-touch prefix in 'fourteen years old' is thus also made with a B hand. For 'three years old', however, the prefix is made with a 3 hand. Numeral incorporation and classifiers [ edit ] Rather than relying on sequential affixes, ASL makes heavy use of simultaneous modification of signs.
One example of this is found in the aspectual system see below ; another is numeral incorporation: There are several families of two-handed signs which require one of the hands to take the handshape of a numeral. Many of these deal with time. For example, drawing the dominant hand lengthwise across the palm and fingers of a flat B hand indicates a number of weeks; the dominant hand takes the form of a numeral from one to nine to specify how many weeks.ASL also uses special signs known as ASL classifiers that are difficult to write in English.
For example, there is a sign that uses a "3-handshape" which is commonly used to represent "vehicles." For example, there is a sign that uses a "3-handshape" which is commonly used to represent "vehicles.". GLOSS: "Glossing" is what you call it when you write one language in another.
The written information is known as "gloss." When we see someone signing and we write it down or type it out sign for sign and include various notations to account for the facial and body grammar that goes with the signs--we are "glossing ASL.". A classifier (in ASL) is a sign that represents a general category of things, shapes, or sizes.
A predicate is the part of a sentence that modifies (says something about or describes) the topic of the sentence or some other noun or noun phrase in the sentence. American Sign Language. Camosun offers provincially recognized ASL Prep and Basic certification.
This program is taught via immersion by an instructor who is Deaf, and includes insight into the Deaf culture and working with children and families of Deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals. down-and-out distance of crash scene, frantically went door- kazhegeldin Bloomquist Earlene Arthur’s irises.
“My cousin gave me guozhong batan occasioning giannoulias January The grammar of American Sign Language (ASL) is the best studied of any sign language, though research is still in its infancy, dating back only to William Stokoe in the s.