Rousseau left the city at the age of sixteen and came under the influence of a Roman Catholic convert noblewoman, Francoise-Louise de la Tour, Baronne de Warens. Rousseau spent some time working as a domestic servant in a noble household in Turin, and during this time a shameful episode occurred in which he falsely accused a fellow servant of the theft of a ribbon.
To be free in this sense, said Rousseau, was to be happy. Originally entitled Lettres de deux amants, habitants d'une petite ville au pied des Alpes, the work was structurally a novel in letters, after the fashion of the English author Samuel Richardson — The originality of the novel won it harsh reviews, but its sexual nature made it immensely popular with the public.
It remained a best seller until the French Revolution ina massive uprising calling for political and social change throughout France. Even today the ideas set forth in these works are revolutionary. Both of the books were burned by the authorities in Geneva, Switzerland.
Exile and death Forced to flee from France, Rousseau sought refuge at Yverdon in the territory of Bern. There he was kicked out by the Bernese authorities and would spend the next few years seeking a safe place to live.
But Rousseau, falsely believing Hume to be in league with his Parisian and Genevan enemies, not only refused the pension but also openly broke with the philosopher.
Rousseau returned to France in June under the protection of the Prince de Conti. Wandering from place to place, he at last settled in in Paris. There he made a living, as he often had in the past, by copying music. By December the Confessions, upon which he had been working sincewas completed, and he gave readings from this work at various private homes.
For More Information Cranston, Maurice. University of Chicago Press, Jean-Jacques Rousseau in Exile and Adversity. Rousseau in 90 Minutes. She was twenty-four years old, a maid at Rousseau's lodgings. She remained with him for the rest of his life—as mistress, housekeeper, mother of his children, and finally, inas his wife.
They had five children—though some biographers have questioned whether any of them were Rousseau's. Apparently he regarded them as his own even though he assigned them to a hospital for abandoned children.
Rousseau had no means to educate them, and he reasoned that they would be better raised as workers and peasants by the state. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.
Introduction The Geneva-born philosopher and novelist Jean-Jacques Rousseau () has had a significant influence on thinking about childhood and education from the later eighteenth century until the present. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, known as one of the most influential thinkers during the 18th-century European Enlightenment period, was born on June 28, , in Born: Jun 28, Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most influential thinkers during the Enlightenment in eighteenth century Europe.
His first major philosophical work, A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the Academy of Dijon in In this work.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in the independent Calvinist city-state of Geneva in , the son of Isaac Rousseau, a watchmaker, and Suzanne Bernard. Rousseau’s mother died nine days after his birth, with the consequence that Rousseau was raised and educated by his father until the age of ten.
In the years and decades following the concepts introduced by political philosopher, John Locke, Jean-Jacque Rousseau in the 18th century introduced his own ideas regarding the “Social Contract,” private property, his preferred form of government, and what he perceived to be the common "good.".