Getting Started When you are about to begin, writing a thesis seems a long, difficult task. That is because it is a long, difficult task. Fortunately, it will seem less daunting once you have a couple of chapters done.
Paragraph Structure Use effective paragraph structure to explain and support your thesis statement. Effective paragraphs are important in all types of writing. Your paragraphs guide your reader through the paper by helping to explain, substantiate, and support your thesis statement or argument.
Each paragraph should discuss one major point or idea.
An effective paragraph has three parts: Claim This is also sometimes called a topic sentence. This will be your way of announcing the main focus of your paragraph; it should tell the reader what your paragraph will be about.
Just as in the thesis statement, your topic sentences should be debatable. In other words, they should be arguable claims that you will try to "prove" with your evidence. If you get stuck developing these claims, try to think of reasons why your thesis is true.
Your "reasons" for this might include health benefits, environmental benefits, cost-effectiveness, and safety, so you would focus one paragraph on each of these topics. One of the most common mistakes is to present a topic sentence that is actually an observation of facts or a description of events rather than an active argument.
Here are some sample claims for the "health benefits of soy" paragraph: Claim based on a fact or event weak: Soy milk contains healthy isoflavones and nutrients.
Claim based on an active argument stronger: The isoflavones and nutrients in soy milk help to protect the body from disease and promote good health, so soy is a better choice.
The first example is weak because it presents facts that cannot be disputed; the second example is stronger because it uses those facts to make an argument. As you can see, the second example not only tells the reader that soy contains healthy isoflavones and nutrients, but it also argues that these facts make soy milk a better choice.
To evaluate whether your paper contains effective claims in each paragraph, read only the first sentence of each paragraph. These should tell you the main points that you are making throughout the paper.
Your claims will also prepare the reader for the second section of your paragraph. Evidence This is how you support, or back up, your claims. The evidence will help to "prove" each claim to the reader. In a paper that incorporates research from secondary sources, your evidence may include information from articles, books, electronic sources, or any of the research you gathered.
The evidence may take the form of a direct quotation, paraphrased material, statistical data, or any other information from one of your sources that helps to support your claim.
Try to incorporate information from several sources into each paragraph. Avoid just "retelling" the information from a single author or article. Aim to represent a variety of opinions and views. Here are some examples of weak and strong evidence sections: Evidence that includes information from one source weak evidence: Soybeans are "complete protein" because they contain all eight amino acids Collins 1.
Collins points out that "as little as 25 mg of soy protein a day may decrease levels of LDL cholesterol and Triglycerides" 1 and this may reduce the chance of heart disease.Parts of a research paper thesis.
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This handout describes what a thesis statement is, how thesis statements work in your writing, and how you can craft or refine one for your draft. Introduction Writing in college often takes the form of persuasion—convincing others that you have an interesting, logical point of .
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BASIC PARTS AND PRINCIPLES OF. THESIS AND DISSERTATION WRITING Submitted by: KAREN MAE C. BOLLER ARVIN JAY C. VILLANUEVA THESIS/DISSERTATION PROPOSAL – is the first stage in the writing of the thesis or dissertation. The very best component about writing an insightful article might be the wide range of subjects you are able to decide from.
The intent of the type of essay creating, as the special name implies, might be to give information to the viewers. The purpose of the thesis statement is to inform the audience, in one sentence, how the chosen topic will develop throughout the entire paper.
If you list three points that will support your thesis, you will address each of those three point in your paper in the same order you listed them.