I think that there a lot of factors that contribute to maintaining good health.
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Anyone can learn for free on OpenLearn but creating an account lets you set up a personal learning profile which tracks your course progress and gives you access to Statements of Participation and digital badges you earn along the way. Course content Course content Factors that influence health: An introduction This free course is available to start right now.
Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation. Free course Factors that influence health: An introduction 3 Individual lifestyle factors As you have seen above, emphasis on individual lifestyle as a determinant of health can be seen in most policies and strategies.
The main issues addressed usually include diet and physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use, drug intake and sexual activity, although, at various times, other issues have also fallen within this rubric, for example, exposure to the sun and use of seat belt or child car seat.
Many attempts to promote public health have focused on the individual and their lifestyle, and this seems to be a fairly common-sense approach.
After all, it could be argued that if individuals ate a little less and took more exercise, then they would be less likely to become obese. If they smoked less and drank less alcohol they would be at a reduced risk of long-term conditions such as heart disease or cirrhosis, and if individuals engaged in safe sex, then they would be less likely to become infected with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections.
Individual behaviour can play an important part in health and illness, so maintaining a healthy lifestyle could well be simply a matter of self-control. However, as outlined below, lifestyle accounts have been challenged on several counts. At a practical level, research has shown that it is very difficult to change individual behaviour.
Although there have been some instances of success e. For example, although smoking has declined over time, a recent Omnibus Survey Lader and Goddard, of smoking behaviour found that nearly 80 per cent of current smokers had tried unsuccessfully to give up smoking; and of these, 46 per cent had received advice on smoking cessation.
Many theories and models have been developed to help explain individual health behaviours.
However, one of the key problems facing those promoting public health is the failure of many individuals to follow healthy lifestyle advice.
Two key explanations have been put forward to explain this. The second explanation draws on the idea that individuals can believe that health is largely determined by external factors, therefore denying the relevance of individual behavioural change.
For example, a study of stress among mothers caring for children with intellectual impairments found an internal locus of control to be a protective factor Hassall et al. A study of perceived risk for breast cancer also noted that women with an internal locus of control were more likely to engage in protective health behaviours such as attending screening Rowe et al.
However, taking control is subject to the ability to take responsibility for health and to make choices, both of which are governed by power relations.Soft drinks are the beverage of choice for millions of Americans, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.
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|An Office Building Occupants Guide to Indoor Air Quality | Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) | US EPA||An increasing number of studies and reports from different organizations and contexts examine the linkages between health and different factors, including lifestyles, environments, health care organization and health policyone specific health policy brought into many countries in recent years was the introduction of the sugar tax. Beverage taxes came into light with increasing concerns about obesity, particularly among youth.|
|5 Factors of Health - Spinal Health Care Center||Six essential factors that influences your health Lisha Advertisements:|
|MSAC - Medical Services Advisory Committee||Sleep Cardiovascular and Aerobic Conditioning Beneficial aerobic activities are defined as exercises that raise your heart rate to your target heart rate and maintain that level for a minimum of 20 minutes. While the most important aspect of aerobic exercise is sustained cardiovascular activity, there is an optimal heart level you should target.|
|10 effective ways to maintain good health||If you have undertaken relevant research and would like this published on the Play Scotland website, please send a pdf report and if applicable the link to your website to info playscotland.|
|Heart Disease in Women | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)||High amounts of sugar in the blood due to insulin resistance or diabetes Blood vessel inflammation Plaque may begin to build up where the arteries are damaged. The buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries may start in childhood.|
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